ADPIE Nursing Process- 5 Stages of the ADPIE Nursing Process

Do you know about the ADPIE nursing process? ADPIE helps nurses by indicating the cautions they can use to look after their cases.

ADPIE is also widely known in medical-related affirmations such as Nurses working activities, providing them with the pieces of equipment to organize their clinics with the help of their awareness, solving their difficulties, and enhancing their proficiency.

A nursing student must answer all the nursing-related questions during the nurse licensure exam. It is because the nursing society judges the ADPIE level of care.

In this article, we will discuss the ADPIE nursing process. We will also discuss its five stages and how it is helpful for nurses & patients.

What Is The ADPIES Nursing Process?

A systemic guide to the patient based on the perspectives & awareness to provide the standard of care with the help of ADPIE.

Abbreviation Of ADPIE:

  • A: Assessment
  • D: Diagnosis
  • P: Planning
  • I: Implementation
  • E: Evaluation

Uses Of ADPIE Nursing Process:

Nurses use ADPIE to get better the patient’s health condition by giving them the proper look-after:

  • By resolving their problems
  • By administrating them one by one regularly.
  • By generating & modifying the ideas for their patient’s cautions.
  • By giving their best for the betterment & progress of the patient’s state.

Brief Description Of Five Steps Of The Nursing Process

The table shows a brief introduction to ADPIE, further, we will discuss it in detail:






Recognize the health requirements of patients & gather information about their state. Recognize the actual or prospective unhealthiness that the patient is facing or may be feasible to face.


To make a care plan of nursing in which that steps will be taken that are helpful to fulfill the requirements, to attain the patient’s wanted results.


Perform the care plan & observe the patient’s betterment.


Evaluate whether the plan of care is successful or not. If it is, then perform the care plan again & again till the patient health care needs to be fulfilled and he is discharged.



A Detailed Description Of The Five Steps Of The Nursing Process

Here, we will discuss in detail:


ADPIE Nursing process

When a nurse meets up with a patient, an assessment is developed between them. The nurse will receive the patient, if feasible, bring in themselves & describe the assessment procedure.

Then discover the health issues, psychological order & physiological state of the patient, like soreness or pain, etc.

This information assists the nurses in recognizing the patient’s health state. In this step, the nurses collect the patient data to assist the medical team with diagnosis.

Nurses are capable of assessing patients by many methods. They may ask the question & depend on their reply to observe the circumstances.

They can also take the patient’s vital signs, like pulse rate, body temperature, respiratory rate, etc.

1.   Diagnosis:

ADPIE Nursing process

Nurses can assist the medical team with diagnosis by using the data collected from the patient during the assessment.

Initially, the team properly diagnoses the patient emotionally, mentally & psychologically. It recognizes the patient’s prospective risks that assist the team in finding the primary chances for the therapy.

Officially, nurses can’t give medical diagnoses to patients. They can collect information about the patient & diagnose the particular symptoms according to the patient’s condition.

Still, they play an important role in the care & cooperate with the medical affirmations by sharing their ideas.

2.     Planning:

ADPIE Nursing process

After the diagnosis by the medical team, the nurses & medical team develop a treatment plan for the patient’s recovery. This stage of the nursing process consists of two components:

  • Cooperating with care teams.
  • Setting goals.

a)     Cooperation With Care Teams:

In planning, health providers of different levels participate & each member of the team has a particularly important role to help the patient.

A nurse is accountable for planning the procedure to assist the medical team in getting the desired result. During the procedure development, a nurse creates a care plan record & then divides it among the entire team members.

These updates assist the team in modifying the plan according to the patient’s health requirements. The patient care team consists of the professionals that are:

  • General practitioners
  • Physician assistants
  • Nurse practitioners
  • Specialists
  • Registered nurses (RNs
  • Licensed practical nurses (LPNs)
  • Certified nursing assistants (CNAs)
  • Medical assistants

b)     Setting Goals:

This step consists of the two types of goals mentioned for the patients:

       i.  Short-term Goals

These goals are for those who can attain them within hours or days.

      ii.  Long-term Goals

These goals are for those who may take weeks or months to attain

c) Smart Goals:

To motivate the patients or observe betterment, nurses frequently use SMART goals.

S: Specific

M: Measurable

A: Achievable

R: Relevant

T: Time-table

Nurses talk to the patients for the development of the goals that assist in creating the care plan. They discuss with the patients about their

partiality, hesitancy, and private care goals & observe how they react. To get the answers to the questions that assist in the overall procedure, nurses can also talk to the beloved one of the patients & also recognize them about the care plan.

3. Implementation:

Nurses perform the care plans by implementing the medical intercessions & SMART goals that are found out by the care team. At this stage, the nurses give both indirect & direct care to the patient.

d) Direct Care:

These are the methods performed by the nurse itself.

e)  Indirect Care:

Observe the patient & describe it to the in-charge physician.

Nurse Authorities At This Stage Of Implementation Care Include:

  • Examine the vital signs
  • Talk to the patients to know about the working of the medical team
  • Manage the medicines prescribed to the patient by the medical care team
  • Administering the diagnostic tests
  • Make use of medical instruments to diagnose

Nurses follow the advancement of the implementation plans that all team members bring. They act as the connection between the patient& the doctor to convey the important details.

Nurses use their evaluating thinking executives & clinical awareness to judge the plans to ensure that the entire team properly fulfills either patient’s desires.

If not, they may consult the medical staff to bring the changes.

ADPIE Nursing process

4.     Evaluation:

In this stage of Evaluation, the medical team observes the effects of their care plan & their implementation methods.

At the end of the patient’s care plan, Evaluation is an important step that enables the medical team to enhance their awareness & to modify their procedures of health care in further cases.

Nurses can also evaluate by going through all the stages of ADPIE & observe the patient’s state &betterment by examining the progress of plans toward the patient, either negative or positive.

Then decide to stay at the place or discharge them.

Characteristics Of The ADPIE Nursing Process

1) Energetic & Cyclic:

The nursing process is a progressive procedure that begins when the patient admits finished when the complaint is determined by the nurse & closed by the medical team.

2) Person-Centered Care And Goal-Directed:

The whole nursing process is dedicative & reactive to the requirements, principles & choices of the patients.

Nurses should take action as a supporter & defenders of the patient’s authority to get awareness about the care plan by including them in goal settings & attainments.

3) Cooperative And Social Skills:

In the nursing process, nurses must be interconnected with the patients, their family members& the medical team which is treating the patient.

These characteristics of a nurse assists in collaboration, understandable communication, return attentiveness & decision directing that is conveyed to all included care team members.

4) Universally Applicable:

A worldwide & internationally trusted degree/grade in nursing practice. The nursing process leads to the same stages in any case where the nurse works.

5) Systematic And Scientific:

The nursing process is an impartial & foreseeable procedure for planning, administrating & evaluating the patient’s health based on the scientific verifications founded by the eye review of the nursing process.

6)  Critical Thinking Skills:

Critical thinking is most important for nurses while designing the care plan for the patient by using the nursing process.

As a nurse, you must get help from your past affairs & awareness, then combine it with the present patients to make a better decision for their health care.

History of ADPIE Nursing Process:

Ida Jean Orlando launched the Nursing Process in 1958. Now a day, it is a worldwide trusted procedure of emphasizing, assembling & giving the proper care to the patient in nursing affirmation.

Its characteristics are:

  • Critical thinking
  • Client-centered methods for treatment
  • Goal-oriented activities
  • Evidence-based nursing research and findings

How To Upgrade Your Nursing?

a. RN To BSN Or MSN:

ADPIE Nursing process

  • The initial step is to follow & understand the ADPIE.
  • To make a victorious nursing career, you should have to join any nursing institute & attain an up-to-date degree than RN.
  • For this reason, now a day RN program is not sufficient.
  • The health care organizations desire nurses who achieved the degrees of BSN (BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN NURSING) & MSN (MASTER OF SCIENCE IN NURSING).

b. Nursing Online Program:

  • The BSN degree holders have higher nursing skills.
  • The institute approves it of medicine that 80-85% of nursing agents hold a BSN degree by 2020.
  • You will be delighted to know that you do not need to promote everything from RN to BSN.
  • The credit goes to an online nursing program where you can accomplish your course from home.
  • When you attain your degree online, you can manage your classes at your desired time, which suits you.
  • You will be feasible to do any other work during the completion of your course.

c. High-Quality Online Nursing Degree:

  • WALDEN UNIVERSITY organized the RN to BSN online program, particularly for nursing agents.
  • Provides an advanced RN to MSN program that makes RN to BSN to MSN imaginable.
  • After the MSN, you can get more chances to make your nursing career. The credit goes to Walden’s convenient online learning format.
  • For this reason, it has many other edges like MSN teaching power- you can also teach BSN students.
  • Walden university is the best choice to make your nursing career & to go from RN to BSN online, from BSN to MSN online.

Walden University is a certificated institute providing RN to BSN (Bachelor of Science in Nursing) degrees and MSN (Master of Science in Nursing) degrees online.

You can expand your occupation and get your degree in a suitable, pliable way that suits your engaged life.

 ADPIE Nursing Process Conclusion: 

A nurse is the core part of the medical profession. It is important for the affirmation that nurses carry out their job in a good manner.

So, the Nursing Process was introduced in 1958 to better treat patients by using the five sequential steps of ADPIE. The nursing process enables nurses to give their best in clinical practice.

 ADPIE Nursing Process FAQS

Which are the five steps of the Nursing Process?

The ordinary sense represents all the nurses who did their work in the different regions in the nursing process, which is the fundamental key for the working of the official nurses to provide their comprehensive & focused look-after to the patient.

These 5 steps are ADPIE:

A: Assessment

D: Diagnosis

P: Plans

I: Implementation

E: Evaluation

How do the nurses treat the patients with the help of ADPIE?

The ADPIE stands for Assessment, Diagnosis, Plans, Implementation, and Evaluation. The nurses use the ADPIE step-by-step such as:

Assessment: collect the data about the patient, and determine the patient’s needs.

Diagnosis: recognize the disease & unhealthiness of the patient.

Plan: design a care plan to treat the patient’s disease.

Implementation: apply the care plan to the patient to get progress in the patient’s health.

Evaluation: observe whether the plan of care is working or not. If working, then apply it repeatedly to get the desired result.

What is the ADPIE Nursing process?

The nursing process is a patient-centered, systematic, evidence-based approach to delivering high-quality nursing care; with the five consecutive steps of the nursing process are:

  • Assessment
  • Diagnosis
  • Plan
  • Implementation
  • Evaluation

Which are the five Rs in the ADPIE Nursing Process?

In the care center, many patients are present. The five rights of administration are used to treat every patient carefully. That is:

  • The Right Person: to treat the right patient whose name & conditions are mentioned in the prescription.
  • The Right drug: to give the right drug to the patient according to their health needs.
  • The Right dose to give the right medication to the patient.
  • The Right Route: is to give the drug concerning the drug’s properties or the patient’s needs.
  • The Right Time: to give the drug at the right time, only when required.

Is the ADPIE nursing process a Nursing Theory or not?

ADPIE is the five steps of the nursing process. It is the abbreviation of Assessment, Diagnosis, Plan, Implementation, and Evaluation.

The ADPIE assists the medical affirmations in performing the procedure in the sequence of steps. It helps to provide the proper look after the patients. Please give them the desired response.

Why is the ADPIE nursing process important in the medical profession?

The nursing process is the central core of the medical affirmation. It assists a nurse in treating the patient according to their needs.

  • It motivates nurses to think critically.
  • Progress in their creativity.
  • Enhance their problem-solving ability
  • It enables them to make decisions in clinical work.

It results in the progress of nursing care to look after a patient at a standard of satisfaction.

Which is the important part of the nursing process?

Of the five steps of the nursing process, the important one is “Diagnosis.”

Diagnosis is the essential step in the nursing process. It includes all the patient’s psychological, physiological, internal, and external aspects.

In this step, the medical team treats the patient for their desired outcomes.

Who introduced the nursing process?

An Irish-American nurse launched the Nursing Process. ADPIE was introduced in 1958. The main reason is to provide proper care to the patient.

Build a good connection between the nurse & patient.